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Discover your hardware
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[p][h1]Discover your hardware[/h1][/p]
[p](Thanks [a]http://www.h-node.org/issues/view/en/3/1/token|lluvia[/a])[/p]

[p]In order to know the details of your hardware you can carry out the following actions:[/p]

[h2]The model name of your notebook[/h2]
[p] See below your notebook or netbook[/p]
[h2]The model name of your device (if it is not a notebook)[/h2]
[h3] If the device is integrated (example: a video card)[/h3]
[p] Open a terminal and type the following command:[/p]

[code] lspci[/code]

or

[code] lspci > FILENAME # output to a file[/code]

You will obtain the list of your PCI devices, similar to the one written below

[code] 00:18.3 Host bridge: [b]Advanced Micro Devices [AMD] K8 [Athlon64/Opteron] Miscellaneous Control[/b]
03:00.0 Network controller: [b]Broadcom Corporation BCM4311 802.11b/g WLAN (rev 02)[/b]
05:00.0 VGA compatible controller: [b]nVidia Corporation G86 [GeForce 8400M GS] (rev a1)[/b][/code]

[p][b]Note:[/b] The name of each device is written after the colon (see the text in bold in the above list)[/p]
[p] If the device is an USB device (example: an external USB wifi card)[/p]
[p] Open a terminal and type the following command:[/p]

[code] lsusb -v[/code]

or

[code] lsusb -v > FILENAME # output to a file[/code]

You will obtain the list of your USB devices, similar to the one written below
[code]
Bus 001 Device 002: ID 0846:4260 NetGear, Inc. WG111v3 54 Mbps Wireless [realtek RTL8187B]
Device Descriptor:
bLength 18
bDescriptorType 1
bcdUSB 2.00
bDeviceClass 0 (Defined at Interface level)
bDeviceSubClass 0
bDeviceProtocol 0
bMaxPacketSize0 64
idVendor 0x0846 NetGear, Inc.
idProduct 0x4260 [b]WG111v3 54 Mbps Wireless [realtek RTL8187B][/b]
bcdDevice 2.00
iManufacturer 1
iProduct 2
iSerial 3
...
...

Bus 002 Device 003: ID 08ff:2580 AuthenTec, Inc. AES2501 Fingerprint Sensor
Device Descriptor:
bLength 18
bDescriptorType 1
bcdUSB 1.10
bDeviceClass 255 Vendor Specific Class
bDeviceSubClass 255 Vendor Specific Subclass
bDeviceProtocol 255 Vendor Specific Protocol
bMaxPacketSize0 8
idVendor 0x08ff AuthenTec, Inc.
idProduct 0x2580 [b]AES2501 Fingerprint Sensor[/b]
bcdDevice 6.23
iManufacturer 0
iProduct 1 Fingerprint Sensor
iSerial 0
bNumConfigurations 1
...
...[/code]


[p][b]Note:[/b] The name of each device is written at the row starting with "idProduct" (see the text in bold in the above list)[/p]
[p]Another program that can be handy to retrieve hardware information, specially USB drivers used by the system is [b]hwinfo[/b]. Note that this doesn't come with a standard GNU/Linux distribution, and you'll have to install it with your package management system or from source code.[/p]
[p]Another program that can be handy to retrive hardwae information is [b]lshw[/b] and in some distributions (as Trisquel) you can install a graphical interface (lshw-gtk)[/p]


[h2]The kernel libre version you are using[/h2]
[p] Open a terminal and type the following command:[/p]

[code] uname -r[/code]

[h2]The name of your video card[/h2]
[p] Open a terminal and type the following command:[/p]

[code] sudo lspci[/code]

Then look for the row containing the string VGA or Display controller. You can also try one of the following commands:

[code] lspci | grep "Display controller"[/code]

or

[code] lspci | grep "VGA"[/code]

[h2]The VendorID:ProductID code of your device[/h2]
(Thanks [a]http://trisquel.info/en/forum/h-nodecom-new-website-hardware-database#comment-5839|Michał Masłowski[/a] and [a]http://trisquel.info/en/forum/h-nodecom-new-website-hardware-database#comment-5837|Julius22[/a])
[h3] If the device is integrated (example: a video card) [/h3]
[p] Open a terminal and type the following command:[/p]

[code] sudo lspci -nnk[/code]

You should obtain a list of hardware similar to the one written below
[code]
03:00.0 Network controller [0280]: Broadcom Corporation BCM4311 802.11b/g WLAN {{[b]14e4:4311[/b]}} (rev 02)
Kernel driver in use: b43-pci-bridge
Kernel modules: ssb
05:00.0 VGA compatible controller [0300]: nVidia Corporation G86 [GeForce 8400M GS] {{[b]10de:0427[/b]}} (rev a1)
Kernel modules: nouveau, nvidiafb[/code]

[p] The strings in [b]bold[/b] and placed inside the square brackets (in the above list) are the code you are looking for. The first set of digits (before the colon) are the [b]VendorID[/b], the second set of digits are the [b]ProductID[/b]. In the above example: the [i]VendorID:ProductID[/i] code of the wifi card (note the strings "Network controller" and "WLAN") is [b]14e4:4311[/b] while the VendorID:ProductID code of the video card (note the string "VGA") is [b]10de:0427[/b][/p]

[h3] If the device is an USB device (example: an external USB wifi card) [/h3]
[p] Open a terminal and type the following command:[/p]

[code] sudo lsusb[/code]

You should obtain a list of hardware similar to the one written below

[code] Bus 001 Device 002: ID [b]0846:4260[/b] NetGear, Inc. WG111v3 54 Mbps Wireless [realtek RTL8187B]
Bus 001 Device 001: ID [b]1d6b:0002[/b] Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub
Bus 002 Device 003: ID [b]08ff:2580[/b] AuthenTec, Inc. AES2501 Fingerprint Sensor[/code]

[p] The strings in [b]bold[/b] (in the above list) are the code you are looking for. The first set of digits (before the colon) are the [b]VendorID[/b], the second set of digits are the [b]ProductID[/b]. In the above example: the [i]VendorID:ProductID[/i] code of the external USB wifi card (note the strings "Wireless") is [b]0846:4260[/b][/p]

[p]The easiest way to know the driver used by a USB device is with [b]hwinfo[/b][/p]
[p] Open a terminal and type the following command:[/p]
[code]hwinfo --usb[/code]

You should obtain a list of hardware similar to the one written below

[code]19: USB 00.0: 0000 Unclassified device
[Created at usb.122]
Unique ID: FKGF.WYbsxjVsRmA
Parent ID: pBe4.v+N+B0xY+P6
SysFS ID: /devices/pci0000:00/0000:00:1d.0/usb2/2-1/2-1:1.0
SysFS BusID: 2-1:1.0
Hardware Class: unknown
Model: "Microdia Triplex i-mini PC Camera"
Hotplug: USB
Vendor: usb 0x0c45 "Microdia"
Device: usb 0x6029 "Triplex i-mini PC Camera"
Revision: "1.01"
Driver: "[b]sonixb[/b]"
Driver Modules: "gspca_sonixb"
Speed: 12 Mbps
Module Alias: "usb:v0C45p6029d0101dc00dsc00dp00icFFiscFFipFF"
Driver Info #0:
Driver Status: gspca_sonixb is active
Driver Activation Cmd: "modprobe gspca_sonixb"
Config Status: cfg=new, avail=yes, need=no, active=unknown
Attached to: #9 (Hub)[/code]

[p] The string in [b]bold[/b] (in the above list) is the driver's device that is using in order to work on your system.[/p]

[h2]If the video card works[/h2]

[p] Install rss-glx by means of the package manager of your distribution or compiling it from source and try some screensavers (for example Skyrocket or Solarwinds). Check if you can play the screensaver (and/or if you can play it smoothly)
[/p]
[h2]If the 3D acceleration works[/h2]
[p] Try to enable compiz[/p]
[h2]How to discover the name of your wifi card[/h2]

[p] Open a terminal and type the following command:[/p]

[code] sudo lspci[/code]

Then look for the row containing the string Wireless or Network controller. You can also try one of the following commands:

[code] lspci | grep "Wireless" [/code]

or

[code] lspci | grep "Network" [/code]

[h2]The printer driver you are using[/h2]
[p][h3] If you are using cups[/h3][/p]
[p] Open a terminal and type the following command:[/p]

[code] dpkg-query -W -f '${Version}\n' cups[/code]

[h2]The architecture of your notebook[/h2]
[p] Open a terminal and type the following command:[/p]

[code] cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep "lm"[/code]

If you get a message like this:

[code] flags : fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts
acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe nx [b]lm[/b] constant_tsc arch_perfmon pebs bts aperfmperf pni dtes64
monitor ds_cpl est tm2 ssse3 cx16 xtpr pdcm lahf_lm[/code]
[p]
then you machine is x86-64/amd64 capable and you could choose a x86-64/amd64 distro to run on it.[/p]

[b][p]Return to [[Help]] Page[/p][/b]

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